Compression stockings are a special kind of hose or socks that help make blood circulation better by providing gradual pressure on the lower legs and feet and help get rid of problems like swelling, vein inflammation and to prevent blood clots from forming.
How Compression Stockings Work
These graduated compression stockings get this ability through the use of a strong elastic material built into the compression stockings to put extra constriction on the wearer’s legs and feet. For example, compression socks for varicose veins put pressure on the surface blood vessels in the legs and make more blood go into the other blood vessels. This helps more blood get to the heart and less of it stay pooled up in the legs, which makes the veins and the legs swell up. Plus, it helps the wearer have less pain and keeps them from forming bruises on the legs.
Two Types of Compression Stockings
There are two kinds of compression stockings: graduated and anti-embolism
1.) Graduated Compression Stockings:
The graduated style of compression stockings puts the pressure more around the area of the feet and ankles, and it lessens as the socks go up the legs. This is meant to guide the blood flow up the legs quicker so it can get to the heart. These types of compression stockings are often prescribed for someone who has peripheral vein disease, which means the circulation in their legs is bad and the socks help by promoting better circulation.
You can buy compression stocking in different levels of constriction from 10 to 50 millimeters of mercury. The higher levels are for treatment of bad varicose veins and you need a prescription from a doctor to get them. You can buy them at some drug stores, as well as from medical supply stores and online.
2.) Anti-Embolism Compression Stockings:
The other type of compression stockings are anti-embolism and these are worn to help prevent blood clots. They also constrict the circulation, but instead of graduated pressure, they put a certain amount of pressure on the ankles and the legs dependent upon the type you buy.
There also are maternity compression stockings, which can help with edema in the legs that sometimes forms during pregnancy. There are also many brands of compression socks, including CEP compression socks, as well as several others.
All in all, compression stockings are great to help with blood flow in the legs, ankles and feet, so if you suffer bad circulation in these areas, consider buying them to help relieve these conditions.